Few boys masturbate before the onset of adolescence. Only 10% of boys are masturbating by the age of nine and only 13% by ten years of age. Male masturbation frequencies vary significantly indicating not only a range in responsiveness but also the different conscious choices men make over how they enjoy their ‘arousal cycle’ from erection to ejaculation. Some men positively choose to masturbate because they enjoy the variety of sexual outlet.
Only 92% of men masturbate. Out of every hundred men, 8 men never masturbate. Some boys have their first ejaculation through intercourse. They may never masturbate because they have intercourse sufficiently frequently that they never need the additional sexual outlet. Other men have a sufficiently low sex drive that they have no need to masturbate.
Masturbation is least common among less educated males (89%). More men who are high school educated (95%) and who are college educated (96%) are involved in masturbation for at least some period of their lives. There are a number of possible reasons why educated men might masturbate more than less educated men. One reason is that being educated is associated with having a good imagination, which is needed to achieve the arousal implicit in masturbating to orgasm.
There is no objective measure of a person’s imaginative capacities. But in general someone who is more intellectual and perhaps more educated is likely to have a greater creative imagination than someone who is illiterate or who is an unskilled worker. But not everyone achieves their full potential so it is very likely that there are some people who have never been educated who have a highly creative imagination. Education is therefore only a guide to the likelihood that someone is imaginative.
Research indicates that less educated men are more responsive than educated men. It is odd that something such as education should have any effect on responsiveness because responsiveness is innate and not determined by environmental factors. We need to differentiate between our potential responsiveness and what we actually achieve.
Alfred Kinsey found that younger generations of women were better informed about orgasm. They were more inclined to say that orgasm was possible with a lover but at the same time they agreed to have sex less often than older women. He suggested that changing attitudes in society and women’s emancipation, meant that younger and more educated men were more inclined to take into account their partner’s lower desire for sex.
Education causes a person to have an increased sensitivity. They are more consciously aware of the views of others. Those who are clever work out that certain behaviours are looked on favourably while others are not welcomed. Educated men are more inclined to accept a woman’s need to date and to get to know a person before becoming sexually involved.
Men may have a biological drive but they still have conscious choices over how and when they experience orgasm. There is also the influence of the company a man keeps and the society in which he lives. Sex involves another person, which involves consent or willingness. Some women, typically the young and less educated, are much more sexually willing than others. Men also make more or less discerning choices over the sexual scenarios with a lover that interest them. Educated men look for more sophistication in the woman’s sexual performance including her ability to appear aroused. Educated men may also want more emotional connection with a lover than those who are less educated. Research indicates that uneducated men seek out prostitutes more than educated men do.
Women are more confident about admitting that intercourse does not cause orgasm as they age, by acquiring status or wealth and through education. Women who have intellectual confidence, are emotionally self-sufficient and who have financial independence tend to be less sexually willing. They have less to gain by offering sex because they don’t need to depend on men for support. So they don’t feel as obliged to provide what men need.
Masturbation frequencies after marriage are highest (69%) among men who are college educated. Only 42% of men who are high school educated, masturbate after marriage and only 29% of the least educated males.
Masturbation is clearly an act that is based on intercourse but it does not satisfy men emotionally as intercourse does. So it is natural that a man who has orgasms primarily through intercourse will have more orgasms than a man who has higher rates of masturbation. Masturbation is a substitute for the intercourse that a man may not have available. Few men would masturbate if there was an opportunity to have sex with a lover.
Many males, projecting their own experience, are inclined to overestimate the incidences and frequencies of masturbation among females. (Alfred Kinsey 1953)